MJ Safaris Uganda Travel Guide
Uganda has an equatorial climate, with daily temperatures varying between 20℃ and 27℃ and a minimum average temperature of 18℃, though the temperatures can sometimes dip to 12℃. The highest temperatures are usually in the north of the country while the lowest occur on the peaks of Mount Rwenzori.
Most parts of Uganda receive an average annual rainfall of between 1,000mm and 2,000mm, with the North having some areas with the average annual rainfall as low as 100mm.
Uganda is a country with many diverse rich, unique cultures. In pre-colonial times the country was divided into kingdoms and chiefdoms stemming from 4 Ethnic groups,Buganda Kingdom being the most popular of all. Bantu which is the largest group originated from the Cameroon highlands, the Nilo-Hamites from the Ethiopia, the Luo from southern Sudan and the group from West Nile sometimes referred to as the Sudanic group.
The Bantu covering most of southern Uganda are mostly organized in kingdoms. They are largely agriculturalists as well as pastoralists. The Bantu Include; the Baganda, Basoga, Banyankole, Bagisu, Batooro, Bamba, Batwa, Bakonjo, Banyole, Bakiga, Bagwere, Basamia-bagwe, Bagwere, Banyoro and Bafumbira.
The Nilo-hamites include the Karimojong, the Itesots, the Langi and the Kumam while the Luo comprises of the Acholi, Alur, Japhadhola and the Jonam. The Luo are mainly organized in chiefdoms.
The West Nilotes comprise of the Madi, Ikebu, the Lugbara, Bari, Metu and Kakwa. All these different tribes have features that vary like the traditional names, ceremonies, dances, staple foods, economic activities, languages, the dressing, art and crafts, just to mention but a few.
In the 21st Century one may argue that people have abandoned their cultures because of religion and western civilization. However in Uganda the traditions of each tribe have been carefully passed on to the children, such that their cultures continue to thrive.
The Marriage ceremony is always a highly anticipated occasion filled with celebration. The Baganda for example have a traditional marriage, currently known widely as an introduction ceremony ‘kwanjula’ where the girl introduces her suitor to her parents. There is also the kasiki which is the party held at the girls home and at the boys home on the night before the wedding.